If you struggle with chronic jaw pain, you know how debilitating it can be. However, there are various treatment options for those with temporomandibular joint disorders. If you suspect you’re living with a TMJ disorder (TMD), contact our dentist today. We’ll evaluate your health and recommend the best course of action.
Internal joint derangement (IJD) is a TMJ condition where the structures within a joint, such as ligaments, tendons, cartilage, or menisci, are damaged or displaced. It’s caused by injury, overuse, or degenerative changes in the joint.
There are two types of internal joint derangement:
Various factors can cause IJD, including:
Symptoms of internal joint derangement can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:
If you suspect you have IJD or a similar type of TMJ disorder, don’t wait to seek treatment. Call our dental office at (616) 842-2850 today to schedule a consultation with our Grand Haven dentist.
Treatment for IJD will depend on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. In mild cases, conservative treatments such as pain management, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications may be effective in relieving symptoms.
Pain management options can include:
Physical therapy may include exercises to improve jaw strength and flexibility and techniques to help reduce muscle tension and promote relaxation. Lifestyle modifications can include changes to the diet, as well as avoiding behaviors that can aggravate the condition.
In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the underlying problem. Surgery can involve repairing or removing the displaced disc, realigning the jaw joint, or replacing the joint entirely with an artificial joint.
Internal joint derangement can occur in anyone, regardless of age or gender. However, certain factors can increase the risk of developing the condition, such as:
Diagnosis of internal joint derangement typically involves a comprehensive medical history review, physical examination, and imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, or CT scans. The doctor may also perform a joint aspiration, which involves inserting a needle into the joint to remove and analyze fluid.
While internal joint derangement primarily affects the temporomandibular joint, it can also cause referred pain in other areas of the head and neck, such as the ears, cheeks, and temples. In some cases, it can also lead to headaches, neck pain, and facial muscle spasms.
Internal joint derangement is a relatively common condition, mostly seen in people between the ages of 20 and 50, and is more frequent in women than men. However, it can affect individuals of all ages, including children. The incidence of internal joint derangement may be increasing due to factors such as stress, poor diet, and lack of physical activity.
Preventing internal joint derangement can be challenging, but some measures can reduce the risk of developing the condition. These include practicing good posture, avoiding chewing gum and other hard or chewy foods, and reducing stress. It’s also wise to seek prompt treatment for jaw or facial injuries.
If you’re experiencing symptoms of internal joint derangement, such as jaw pain, clicking or popping sounds, or difficulty opening or closing your mouth, it’s best to seek medical attention from a qualified healthcare professional. They can examine your jaw and recommend appropriate treatment options to alleviate your symptoms and improve your quality of life.